The Political Vision – The Syrian Women’s Political Movement Second General Assembly Conference 2 May – 12 June 2020
- By: Mona Katoub
- updated: April 16, 2021
- reading time: 3 Minutes and 43 seconds
1- Affirming Syria’s
independence in facing all occupations and the preservation of the unity of its
people and territories; the SWPM also demands that all foreign military occupations,
sectarian and foreign militias, and foreign fighters leave Syria.
2- Affirming the SWPM’s vision for the future of Syria as a state of full citizenship for all
its citizens regardless of gender, nationality, ethnicity, and religion; a
country that guarantees women’s rights and full equality for them in the
constitutions and before the law; affirming also building an inclusive Syrian
national identity and working to bridge the societal rift that resulted from years
of tyranny, which was deepened by war.
3- Respecting and protecting public and political rights and freedoms, especially
in times of crisis and wars, and in a manner consistent with Human Rights laws,
and abiding by all international conventions on human rights, children’s
rights, and women’s rights, particularly CEDAW.
4- The SWPM believes in a
political solution for Syria in accordance with international resolutions – the
Geneva communiqué, UNSC Resolution 2118, and UNSC Resolution 2254 – and calls
for the cessation of all military operations on all Syrian territories; the
SWPM also believes that there is no solution in Syria except a comprehensive
political solution through the formation of a transitional governing body in
accordance with the aforementioned resolutions; accordingly, the SWPM
believes that the Constitutional Committee must have a clear timetable, and
produce a constitution consistent with the interests of the Syrian people, and
work should be done on the four baskets together to reach a formula for a
5- The SWPM believes that there
is no comprehensive political solution and sustainable peace without the
participation of women, as stipulated by UNSC Resolution 1325.
6- The immediate and
unconditional release of all detainees as well as revealing the fate of the
forcibly disappeared persons are important cornerstones in establishing a safe
and neutral environment in accordance with the Geneva Communiqué (2012); the SWPM
also affirms the need to treat this as a non-negotiable issue.
7- The military operations
taking place on Syrian territories among forces supported by regional and
international powers have never served the interests of the Syrian people; rather,
they deepen societal rifts in Syria; the SWPM stands firmly on the side of
civilians in the face of the warring militant sides.
8- The SWPM condemns all
forms of demographic change and forced displacement, and affirms the
right of all Syrians to return safely and voluntarily to their original areas
of residence; the SWPM considers all demographic change projects carried out by the
regime and all other parties are a threat to the formation of the unified
Syrian national identity.
9- The SWPM emphasizes the
need to reevaluate all economic agreements entered into by Syrian actors to
serve the political agendas of regional and international powers; the SWPM also
calls for reclaiming national resources, especially oil, seaports, and airports,
to the Syrian people.
10- The SWPM calls for a comprehensive ceasefire and ensuring the safety
of civilians in all Syrian territories, stresses that the war against forces
internationally classified as terrorist should not be at the expense of
civilians, and that they do not serve the interests of the Syrian regime.
11- The SWPM affirms
that the only solution is one that guarantees all the rights of the Syrian
people, through separation of state and religion in a way that guarantees
freedom of beliefs and religion for all in a state that is neutral towards all its
components, and equal and fair representations; where
the second wave of the Arab Spring in Lebanon and Iraq has shown that a political solution based on interests of
warlords and sectarian quotas is a failed
solution and threatens to re-erupt the conflict again.
12- The SWPM believes
that the process of reconstruction in Syria is not possible without a comprehensive
political solution, and by ensuring the safe and voluntary return of refugees and
IDPs and guaranteeing their property rights.
13-The SWPM views the Kurdish issue as a purely national
issue, and its solution must be included within the comprehensive political solution that cancels
all exceptional and discriminatory historical practices against the Kurds, and
recognizing their national, linguistic, and cultural rights, which should be stipulated
constitutionally in a manner that does not contradict the unity of Syria.
14- The SWPM
seeks to work collaboratively with national democratic entities, with the aim to serve the future of Syria in accordance with its
vision and goals.
15- The SWPM emphasizes
that no political solution can lead to sustainable peace in Syria without
achieving justice by holding accountable all perpetrators of crimes against the
Syrian people, whatever the perpetrators’ affiliation may be.